Writing course 5

Prepositions/ Voorzetsels

Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (zelfstandige naamwoorden) and sometimes also in front of gerund verbs (zelfstandige werkwoordsvorm, eindigend op -ing i.e. she's good at taking decisions).
Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a direct translation is usually not possible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending on the situation.
There are hardly any rules as to when to use which preposition. The only way to learn prepositions is looking them up in a dictionary, reading a lot in English and learning useful phrases by heart.

There are prepositions of time (on, in, at, since, for, etc) and place (in, on, at, by, next to, over, below, under etc.) and prepositions that belong to adjectives (i.e. angry about; concerned with; complain about) and nouns (i.e. to pay by check; be at home). Let's do some exercises.

Task 1 - Fill in the correct preposition and translate the preposition into Dutch.

1. My best friend lives ______ King's Road.
a. in
b. on

2. I'll be ready to leave ____ about twenty minutes.
a. in
b. over

3. I think she spent the entire afternoon ______ the phone.
a. on
b. at

4. I will wait ______ 6:30, but then I'm going home.
a. until
b. at

5. You'll have to speak to John, he's responsible ______ customer complaints.
a. of
b. for

6. I am not interested _____ buying a new car now.
a. in
b. for

7. They are excellent ____ planning fun parties
a. in
b. at

8. His photographs are very different ______ his paintings.
a. about
b. from

9. He usually travels to Philadelphia _______ train.
a. by
b. with

10. I told Mom we'd be home ______ an hour or so.
a. over
b. in

11. I was visiting my best friend _____ the hospital.
a . at
b . in

12. There has been a rise _____ prices recently.
a. of
b. in

13. She gave me a check _____ $50.
a. of
b. for

14. Unfortunately, there wasn't enough demand _____ our product.
a. to
b. for

15. We sold those products ______ a profit.
a. with
b. at

16. He provided the solution ____ our financial situation.
a. of
b. to

Task 2 - Fill in the correct preposition: of or from. Translate the preposition into Dutch too.
1. Their holiday cottage is about 15 kilometers _____ the coast
2. There was a decrease ____ 10 percent on the stock market today.
3. The view _____ the top was absolutely breathtaking
4. We are very concerned with the destruction _____ the rain forest.
5. What beautiful flowers! Who are they _____ ?
6. These goods are ____ an excellent quality.
7. The French often smell _____ garlic.
8. This fresh juice is made _____ oranges and bananas.
9. She comes _____ a small town to the north _____ Edinburgh.
10. We have many regular customers _____ Germany.


Task 3
- Write the following email using the information below.

Situatie:

Jij bent de inkoopmanager van ‘Lavans’. The PR manager has asked you to do some research into arranging personalized business cards for the management staff.
After having surfed the Internet you came across the site of ‘PremiumPrint UK’, a high quality graphic designer and custom printer with more than 7,000,000 customers worldwide.
On 20 January you placed an order for 5 personalized business cards in quantities of 250.
PremiumPrint has received and processed the order accordingly. On 28 January you receive the order.
You are not quite happy with the result and therefore you decide to respond.

Task: Schrijf een email aan PremiumPrint in England, t.a.v. dhr. Barnes en verwerk de volgende punten: Het is 2 februari. Voeg een onderwerpsregel toe.
- Bedank voor de geleverde bestelling visitekaartjes die op 28 januari zijn binnengekomen.
- Helaas moet je meedelen dat je ondanks de snelle levering ontevreden bent met de kwaliteit van de visitekaartjes.
- De bedrukte letters zijn niet altijd even duidelijk en van de 1250 visitekaartjes zijn er tenminste 250 van slechte kwaliteit.
- Deel mee dat de bestelling niet in overeenstemming met de voorwaarden is uitgevoerd.
- Bovendien zijn sommige van de kaartjes beschadigd omdat ze niet in plastic waren verpakt.
- Verzoek om toezending van 250 correcte visitekaartjes en zeg dat je de factuur pas voldoet zodra de juiste bestelling binnen is.
- Zeg dat je het op prijs stelt als PremiumPrint een korting geeft op de factuur van £14.95, zijnde de kosten van een spoedbestelling volgens hun leveringsvoorwaarden.
- Zeg dat je spoedig antwoord hoopt te verwachten.
- Sluit af.

Vocabulary:
visitekaartjes: business cards
factuur: invoice
spoedbestelling: rushorder